#4 Notes from ISTE, 2014

It’ a Matter of Perspective

I mentioned in my last post that things would get a little nerdy. With that in mind I will make a concerted effort not to disappoint…

It’s funny how people have different opinions about the concept of celebrity. I guess in our culture there are certain individuals that most people would agree have obtained celebrity status. Michael Jordan comes to mind, along with Elvis Presley, Oprah Winfrey, and Albert Einstein. These are individuals who have transcended what originally put them in the spotlight. They have become recognizable by almost everyone – they have become celebrity. Other people manage to scrape the lower altitudes of the celebrity stratosphere when they become recognizable to subgroups within the larger society. If I mentioned the name Ian MacKaye to my 5th grade students they would undoubtedly give me the same blank stare I get sometimes during math instruction. But for me, and others who had similar teen angst, Ian represented something pretty profound. Of course, if my 5th graders pointed out Iggy Azalea to me I wouldn’t have any idea why she was of any significance (I had to ask my son for the name of this currently popular singer).

In that same line of thought we all have different reasons for choosing certain people that we would consider ourselves to be “fans” of. For me, fan status has fluctuated somewhat over the years. Having the chance to meet an NFL player would have been the greatest thing to ever happen to me as a boy, but today I tend to view professional athletes as grotesquely overpaid entertainers who are seldom worthy of praise. Nowadays I am deeply moved by the bravery of people like Bradley D. Conner and Malala Yousafzai, while I am turned off by people like Gucci Mane or Miley Cyrus.

Prior to ISTE I was involved in developing an online course for my school system. As part of our research on blended learning we were introduced to Dr. Ruben R. Puentedura’s SAMR model. This model describes technology integration through four phases: substitution, augmentation, modification, and redefinition. I found this video of Dr. Puentedura describing his model: video. I must confess I really enjoyed watching this video. I appreciated his description of the model, and I also enjoyed listening to Dr. Peuntedura’s accent and the meter of his speech.

When I was selecting events to attend at the conference I saw one was being offered on the SAMR model. Since this was something I had just studied I thought it would be a good session to attend. To my surprise and delight Dr. Puentedura was the session’s presenter. I won’t go so far as to say I was star struck, but I must confess I was thrilled to have the chance to see and hear him in person. After a very informative and well-presented session I thought it might be nice to speak with him and possibly get a picture (how’s that for being a fan?). To my surprise and amusement however, it turned out that I was not the only one with that idea. A line quickly formed of attendees who wished to speak to and have their picture taken with the good doctor. I waited for a minute or two trying to decide if I would get in line. I couldn’t help laughing to myself about the situation I was finding myself in. Here I was, a guy who used to be the lead singer in a rock band that performed with groups such as Crowbar, Nuclear Assault, Soilent Green, and even 2 Live Crew, and now I was debating whether or not to wait in line to meet the brilliant professor who developed the SAMR model. Like I said, my fan status has fluctuated over the years. I wonder if Dr. Ruben will be selling T-shirts at the next convention?



#3 Notes from ISTE, 2014

Since the next couple of posts from my experience at ISTE will be on the nerdy side, I thought I would include this short post just for fun.


I should say that I am an observer of people. I minored in anthropology as an undergrad and I have never shaken my fascination with human behavior. I knew before arriving in Atlanta people would have various motives for attending the conference. For some there would be a genuine interest to learn more about innovations in educational technology. For others it would be a chance to get out of town and spend time with friends and colleagues. For some it would be a professional obligation, and still for others it would be a quest to acquire as many freebies as humanly possible from the vendors. I also discovered, as I rode on the shuttle bus that first day, that the goal of some was to single out and photograph individuals that met their pre selected criteria for that day. On this first day for example, their challenge was to find people that were overdressed for the conference. Although probably not the best use of their time and technology, the game sounded interesting, if not a little disturbing. I’m still not sure if they took my picture as I got off the bus…


#2 Notes from ISTE, 2014

The Opening Keynote

The opening keynote address was given by Ashley Judd. At the beginning of her talk she spoke of her intimidation in addressing us, and she questioned her relevance to our conference. I must confess I was right there with her on the latter. Aside from the fact she was a well-known celebrity, I was hard pressed to find a relevant connection. As she began to speak, however, my curiosity increased. Shortly into her talk she recited the Serenity Prayer. As someone who is familiar with twelve-step programs I knew the prayer and was impressed that she put herself out there like that. As she began to share her story I realized she was someone who represented our students. She was someone who had experienced a disturbing childhood and had clung to the encouragement and kind words of her teachers. I found her honesty and openness about her experiences to be both impressive and humbling. Although her message may not have been my first pick for kicking off a technology conference, she reminded everyone in the room that the reason for all of these innovations is ultimately for the ones who matter the most – our students.


#1 Notes from ISTE, 2014

ISTE 2014
Before I went to Atlanta for the 2014 ISTE conference, a friend of mine gave me a fairly detailed description of what I could expect. Although most of it sounded great, I found her description of the vendor showcase area to be a bit disconcerting. For the extrovert, I am sure it would have sounded like a paradise, but for an introvert like myself, who visits the local mall once every two years (maybe), it sounded more like purgatory. She offered up the usual tip of not making eye contact with the vendors in order to avoid the sales pitch. Her story reminded me of my experiences with the open markets in Mexico and the souk in Qatar. I have two things working against me in those situations. The first is that I am not good at haggling over prices, or anything else of that matter. The second is that I was born and reared in the South which means being rude goes against my yes ma’am, sweet tea, Bible Belt upbringing. But after some thought it occurred to me that this would be a different kind of experience in one key way. These vendors would be showcasing technologies that were relevant to my field and, more than likely, I would find the majority of these technologies interesting. So, although I knew I would still squirm a little for stepping out of my introverted hole (as my wife loves to call it), I was looking forward to a positive experience.


Notes from ISTE, 2014

I thought it might be interesting (if for no one but myself) to post my writings from my experience at this year’s ISTE convention. My intention is to post these writings in several posts. So, without further delay, here goes nothing…

Anonymous Messaging: A Matter of Character

If you had the opportunity to say anything you wanted to say in a public forum and no one would ever know it was you saying it, what would you say? Would you reveal a secret that was eating away at you? Would you confess your love for someone? Would you ask a question that you had always been too embarrassed to ask? What about your child? What would your child say? Suppose your first thought was to say something slanderous or vicious about a situation or another person. Even if it was, I am sure that as a mature adult you would have the self-restraint and moral compass to steer clear of that initial urge. But what about your adolescent child? Brain research has revealed that as children enter adolescence the level of brain development they experience is equal to that of when they were first born. With so much development taking place it is necessary for the brain to focus its energy on the growing areas and pay less attention to others. Unfortunately, one of neglected areas is the part of the brain that is responsible for decision-making. For this reason, a ten-year-old child will tend to make better decisions than a thirteen year old. This may seem surprising to you, unless of course, you have a thirteen year old at home. Teenagers make bad decisions all the time; this is nothing new. What is new, however, is that these bad decisions are being made in public forums through social media and the repercussions can be devastating.

I was motivated to write down my thoughts on this issue because of events that took place in my hometown recently. The events came about because of an app called Yik Yak. Yik Yak, as you may know, is an anonymous messaging app that allows you to see posts from anyone using the app within a 5-mile radius of where you are. It was created by two college students at Furman University with the idea that it could be used as a communication forum on college campuses (read more). The problem is anyone can download the app, so it didn’t take long for high school students to discover it and start using their diminished judgments to send messages. The results? Two schools went into lockdown because posts were made about guns being brought to school with the intent of shooting people. Police were dispatched to the various campuses to ensure student safety, and the city’s district attorney scrambled to identify the creator of the anonymous threat. The following day another school went into lockdown because of a similar message on Yik Yak.

These are serious issues. Fortunately, in situations such as these, authorities have the ability to track down exactly who posts these “anonymous” threats. By Thursday of the same week the teenager responsible for the first messages was arrested, and it wasn’t long before the second teenager was identified as well.

As disturbing as all of this is, there is something else to this story that is haunting me. A friend of mine who was at one of the schools that experienced the initial threat showed me her phone (she had the Yik Yak app). I was of course upset by the threat of guns on campus, but I was also profoundly disturbed by the other slanderous messages I read. Students were using the forum to viscously attack fellow classmates. Although some people are prone to bullying without the aid of an anonymous forum, others seemed to be taking the opportunity to say some of the most vile and disturbing things about others that they would never dare say if the knew their names would be attached to it.

Someone could argue that these actions are just part of the lack of good judgment that comes with the adolescent physiological changes. For me, however, this goes beyond what brain research has uncovered: this is a matter of character. As a fifth grade teacher (and I know many other teachers who do this as well) I define character for my students as what we do when we think no one else is looking. Are we instilling in our children the kind of moral compass that would allow them to resist the temptation to anonymously tear down a fellow student? Are we teaching our children what it means to have good character?

These, of course, are not easy questions to answer. I know we would all like to think that our children would be above submitting vicious, slanderous, or even criminal comments in an anonymous forum, but how would we know for sure? The truth is we wouldn’t know, unless we were unfortunate enough to be the parents of the students mentioned earlier that were arrested for making terrorist threats. So what can we do? An obvious answer is to closely monitor what our children are doing electronically through text messages, online forums, emails, etc. But for me, it also goes back to the question I posed at the beginning of this writing; what would you say in an anonymous forum? If your inclination would be to say something malicious, how could you expect something different from your child? As much as our adolescent children don’t want to admit it, parents (and teachers) are powerful role models. They continue to watch and learn from us even when we think they are no longer paying attention.

Inevitably, we all made stupid mistakes as teenagers. The mistakes made by today’s teens however, have the potential to be broadcast across the entire community (or worse, the world). Making a concerted effort to focus on character development and morality may be the best defense for keeping our children safe in this technologically enhanced brave new world.


A Teacher’s Lesson

(This article was originally published in the Press Register in August of 2012: see the article. )


Children are the same no matter where you go. They are the same beautiful, innocent, curious, and inquisitive creatures no matter the culture, the climate, or the politics. I learned that this summer, but it took going to the other side of the world to figure it out.

My name is Joe Gaston and I am a teacher who lives by the words of John Cotton which state, “Who dares to teach must never cease to learn”. I try to keep an open mind and remember that I can learn something from everyone. Sometimes I learn things from my colleagues, many times I learn things from my students, and I always learn something from my wife. As a teacher I am encouraged and expected to expand my knowledge through professional development opportunities during the school year and especially during the summer. This summer I was given a learning opportunity that I will never forget.

It started this past spring when I was asked to join a team that would create ExxonMobil’s very first international teachers academy. Under the direction and guidance of Dr. Joe Sciulli, we assembled a five day academy for upper elementary teachers in the country of Qatar. The whole process of putting the academy together was exciting and a great learning experience. The best part, however, was getting to go to Qatar during the month of June to be part of the faculty. It was an opportunity of a lifetime and one that helped this southerner expand his horizons.

I didn’t quite know what to expect when we arrived in Doha, the capital city of Qatar. Although I had the opportunity to travel to a few places and meet people of different nationalities when I was younger, my experiences with people from the Middle East were minimal at best. In fact, most of what I had learned about the Middle East and those of the Islamic faith came after 9/11. Needless to say I was a little concerned about how we would be received when we arrived.

I am happy to report that we were treated very well while we were in Qatar. The city was beautiful, the participants were delightful, and the academy was a success. Along with the revelation I mentioned at the beginning of this story, here are a few other things I discovered:

  • All children want to learn through engaging activities that stimulate the mind, and will quickly turn their attention to other things when the teacher fails to provide them.
  • It doesn’t matter if you are in the United States or Qatar; teachers face the same challenges in trying to educate their students. I was amazed to find out how much I had in common with my Middle Eastern counterparts.
  • I now have a different perspective when I hear news of bombings and fighting in the Middle East that do not involve American troops. Now I wonder if the families of the teachers I worked with are safe. Those teachers are my friends. I have become irreversibly connected.

This summer the world became a little smaller for me, and for that I am grateful. I will always think fondly on my trip to the Middle East, but there was something else I learned while I was there: I love old, sprawling, shady oak trees and I miss them terribly when they are not around. I guess the saying is true: you can take a man out of the South, but…


Joe Gaston with ExxonMobil advisor, Khalid Al-Jufairi,  at the 2012 Qatar University ExxonMobil Teachers Academy

Joe Gaston with ExxonMobil advisor, Khalid Al-Jufairi,
at the 2012 Qatar University ExxonMobil Teachers Academy